Situated in the valley between the Palatine hill and the Capitol Hill, it consists of a square of almost trapezoidal form between the Regia and the Rostra on the short sides, and the Emilia and Giulia Basilicas on the long ones. An extension of the northern part is represented by the Comitium.
The square was created as a place for commercial exchanges and political and judicial activities at the point where important roads (the Via Sacra, the Vicus Tuscus, the Vicus Jugarius, the Clivus Capitolinus, and the Argiletum) converged. the Forum was abandoned and buried under a thick layer of earth, becoming a pasture known as Campo Vaccino. Source: turismoroma.it